16 September 2010


Iranian Calendar
Persian Calendar and Holiday Crowds
17 September 2010 posted by MDG

Damavand Iran 5671m is a favorite summit in persia, this fantastic peak has also gained its popularity rapidly among foreign climbers recently and is visited by numerous number of tourists each year. The most visited side of Damavand mountain is the south route, because of its excellent mountain huts and easy accessibility from the capital Tehran. The popularity of this enormous volcano bring about some crowd problem to the mountaineers during holidays and weekends specially in summer climbing season.

Persian Calendar Damavand Volcano Iran
Thursday (half day) and Friday are weekend

Persian Calendar Damavand Volcano Iran
Saturday is a working day and start of the week

To enjoy Damavand Volcan or any cultural or eco trip to Persia it is highly recommended to avoid the unwanted summer Persian holidays and it is essential to have some info about the Persian calendar and holidays to encounter the least possible mountain crowd problem on the campsites, huts, hotels and road traffic in summer.

The excess of public holidays in persian calendar is a major problem, a considerable number of unofficial holidays are added each year to the national holidays making it worse. The main cause of this problem is the use of three different calendar systems which makes some major holidays and long weekends:

1 - The Solar calendar "Hejri-Shamsi" is the main calendar.
2 - The Lunar calendar " Hejri-Qamari" is for religious events.
3 - The Gregorian calendar is for international events like May Day.

Damavand tours, Photo by Sherpa
Damavand Iran, foto by A. Soltani

- Iranian weekends are Thursday and Friday.
- Keep away from weekends, specially long weekends.
- Start your programme on Saturday to Monday.
- Finish your itinerary before the weekend.
- Holidays are not recommended for Damavand tours in any route, some times also not suitable for any kind of travel in Iran.
- The Haraz main road is the only road to Damavand Mountain, on holidays there could be a big road traffic.

Iranian (Persian) new year Nowruz
The Iranian year or Solar Hejri year begins about 21 March of each Gregorian calendar and ends about 20 March of the next year. The first day of the Persian calendar is also the beginning of the greatest festival and holidays in Iran, Afghanistan and surrounding countries, it is called Novruz ( now = new) and ruz = day, meaning "new day").

Nowruz is the traditional Iranian (Persian) new year holiday celebrated in Iran which marks the first day of spring and the beginning of the Persian Calendar. It is celebrated on the first day of spring in northern hemisphere. It usually occurs on the March 21 or the previous/following day. Nowruz is referred to as an Eid festival.

Major Iranian Public Holidays and Anniversaries
Dates for anniversaries are based on the Persian solar calendar, Muslim calendar or Zoroastrian calendar, there are about 25 holidays.

Persian Calendar Holidays
11 February
Iranian revolution Day 22 Bahman 1979
Bahman 22 Victory of the Revolution پیروزی انقلاب

20 March
Nationalization of the oil industries 1951
Esfand 29 ملی شدن صنعت نفت

21 to 24 March
Iranian New Year Nowruz of ancient Iranian origin
Farvardin, Nowrooz عید نوروز Also known as "Eid"

1 April
Republic Day
Farvardin 12, Ruz-e Jumhuri

2 April
Nature Day
Sizdah Bedar 13th day after the new year, end of festivities for Nowruz
Farvardin 13, روز طبیعت also known as Sizde-Bedar (سیزده‌بدر)

4 - 5 June
Khordad 14 Rehlat,
there is a major holidays in Iran in the first week of june, 4 and 5 June 2010, (unofficially may be more, due to the long weekend).

Lunar Calendar Holidays
The dates on the Muslim calendar vary from year to year.
Date English Name Local Name Remarks

Muharram 9 Tasu'a of Imam Hussain تاسوعا
Muharram 10 Ashura of Imam Hussain عاشورا
Safar 20 Arba'een of Imam Hussain اربعین
Safar 28 Demise of prophet Muhammad and Martyrdom of Imam Hassan (Mujtaba) وفات حضرت محمد و شهادت امام حسن مجتبی
Safar 29 Martyrdom of Imam Reza شهادت امام رضا
Rabi'-ul-Awwal 17 Birth of Muhammad and Imam Jafar ولادت حضرت محمد و امام جعفر صادق
Jamaad-ath-Thaanee 3 Martyrdom of Fatima شهادت حضرت فاطمه
Rajab 13 Birth of Imam Ali ولادت حضرت علی
Rajab 27 Mission of Muhammad بعثت حضرت محمد
Sha'aban 15 Birth of Imam Mahdi ولادت حضرت مهدی
Ramadhan 21 Martyrdom of Imam Ali شهادت حضرت علی
Shawwal 1 Eid ul-Fitr (End of Ramadhan) عید فطر
Shawwal 25 Martyrdom of Imam Jafar شهادت امام جعفر صادق
Dh-ul-Hajja 10 Eid ul-Adha (Ghurban) عید قربان
Dh-ul-Hajja 18 Eid al-Ghadeer عید غدیر

Gregorian Vs Solar Hejri Calendars
To convert the Solar Hejri year into Gregorian year add 621 years to the current Solar Hejri year (provided the Gregorian day is 21 March or later, if earlier in the year, add 622).

Gregorian calendars = Solar Hejri - Shamsi calendars
A short table of year correspondences between the Gregorianand the Iranian calendars.
2010–2011 = 1389
2011–2012 = 1390
2012–2013 = 1391
2013–2014 = 1392
2014–2015 = 1393
2015–2016 = 1394
2016–2017 = 1395
2017–2018 = 1396
2018–2019 = 1397
2019–2020 = 1398
2020–2021 = 1399

Damavand Mountain Iran
Damavand Iran, Photo by A. Soltani

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Iranian Calendar MDG17SEP10A
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