The Caspian Sea is the largest lake in the world which makes a great amount of humidity to its surrounding countries, the Alborz Mountains is a huge mountain range about 1500 km long, its width varies from 30 up to 130 km, avarage height about 3000 meters, this mountain chain is located at southern coast of the Caspian Sea and divides Iran into two distinctive ecoregion, it separates the humid and forested areas of the Caspian Sea from the arid and dry climate of the central plateau of Iran, it acts as a natural barrier and wall which blocks the clouds, fog and moisture of the northern part to move to the main land and the southern deserts of Persia.
Damavand morning view
Photo by A. Soltani
There are few exceptions in this ecosystem, such as the Haraz Valley, the longest valley of the Iran and Abr Forest. The grand Haraz Canyon is one of the main channels for the fogs and clouds of the northen part to escape from the humid zone to the dry area and form a beautiful foggy region in Haraz Valley at the slope of Mount Damavand. Generally, this clouds and fog are formed in the morning and mostly stay down at the surface up to altitude of approx 3000 meters and may move to upper altitudes in the afternoon and evening.
Hiking & trekking Tour Mt. Damawand Iran
foto by Ardeshir Soltani
Advantages and Disadvantages
This thick fog makes some difficulty for mountaineering, the main disadvantage is the poor visibility specially if you get caught in the darkness, the visibility may decrease as low as 1 meter! and also it is most risky at the Danger Zone of the Mt. Damavand when you return back from the summit, you may get lost in the fog easily even during the day. One way to overcome the codition and find your way in a heavy fog is to use the GPS Landmarks in your GPS equipment.
It has a good advantage for hiking & trekking and mountaineering in a summer day, because it drops the temprature up to 10 to 15 degree centigrade, a goog time to witness the mountain in clouds and fog. While this phenomenal looks quite good in summer climbs, but lowering the temprature is a real problem in colder seasons.
Damavand Base Camp 3050m,
photo by Ardeshir Soltani
This fog may extend and spreads a vast area in mountainous region in central Alborz Mountains covering towns and villages from city of Amol in Mazandaran Province to Dasht Mosha, Haraz Valley, Haraz Road, Haraz River, Larijan and Reyneh Town, Lar, Polour, Moon, Ab Ask, Nava, Vana, Gilass, Abali, Hezar Dasht and Mountains such as Gol e Zard, Mount Do Berar (Do Berar means two brothers).
Mount Damavand Iran
by A. Soltani
Mt. Damavand Camp3 Bargah Sevom 4220m
by A. Soltani"
Damavand Montain Iran
Photo by A. Soltani
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Damavand Fog MDG15MAY10A
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